Geology (GEOL)

GEOL 100 Introduction to Geology

An introduction to processes and forces that form the surface and the interior of the Earth. Topics include, changes in climate, the history of life, as well as earth resources and their uses.

For BA Students: Physical World Sector

Taught by: Omar

Course usually offered in fall term

Activity: Lecture

1 Course Unit

Notes: Field trips required.

GEOL 103 Natural Disturbances and Human Disasters

Natural disturbances play a fundamental role in sculpturing landscapes and structuring natural and human-based ecosystems. This course explores the natural and social science of disturbances by analyzing their geologic causes, their ecological and social consequences, and the role of human behavior in disaster reduction and mitigation. Volcanoes, earthquakes, floods, droughts, fires, and extraterrestrial impacts are analyzed and compared.

For BA Students: Physical World Sector

Taught by: Phipps

Course usually offered in fall term

Activity: Lecture

1 Course Unit

GEOL 109 Introduction to Geotechnical Science

Open to architectural and engineering majors as well as Ben Franklin Scholars. Field trips. Relations of rocks, rock structures, soils, ground water, and geologic agents to architectural, engineering, and land-use problems.

For BA Students: Physical World Sector

Taught by: Omar

Course usually offered in fall term

Activity: Lecture

1.5 Course Unit

GEOL 111 Geology Laboratory

Hands-on study of earth materials and processes. Identification and interpretation of rocks, minerals and fossils. Topographic and geologic maps. Evolution of landscapes. Field trips lead to a synthesis of the geologic history of southeastern Pennsylvania.

Taught by: Omar

One-term course offered either term

Prerequisite: GEOL 100 preferably taken concurrently

Activity: Laboratory

1 Course Unit

Notes: Field trips required.

GEOL 125 Earth and Life Through Time

Origin of Earth, continents, and life. Continental movements, changing climates, and evolving life.

For BA Students: Physical World Sector

Taught by: Sallan

One-term course offered either term

Activity: Lecture

1 Course Unit

GEOL 130 Oceanography

The oceans cover over 2/3 of the Earth's surface. This course introduces basic oceanographic concepts such as plate tectonics, marine sediments, physical and chemical properties of seawater, ocean circulation, air-sea interactions, waves, tides, nutrient cycles in the ocean, biology of the oceans, and environmental issues related to the marine environment.

For BA Students: Physical World Sector

Taught by: Dmochowski

Course usually offered in spring term

Activity: Lecture

1 Course Unit

GEOL 201 Mineralogy

Crystallography, representative minerals, their chemical and physical properties. Use of petrographic microscope in identifying common rock-forming minerals in thin section.

Taught by: Omar

Course usually offered in fall term

Also Offered As: GEOL 521, GEOL 531

Prerequisites: GEOL 100 and CHEM 001 or 101

Activity: Lecture

1 Course Unit

GEOL 205 Paleontology

Geologic history of invertebrates and their inferred life habits, paleoecology, and evolution. Introduction to paleobotany and vertebrate paleontology.

For BA Students: Living World Sector

Taught by: Sallan

Course usually offered in spring term

Also Offered As: GEOL 405

Activity: Lecture

1 Course Unit

Notes: Two field trips required.

GEOL 206 Stratigraphy

Introductory sedimentary concepts, stratigraphic principles, depositional environments, and interpretation of the rock record in a paleoecological setting.

Taught by: Jerolmack

Course usually offered in fall term

Also Offered As: GEOL 506

Prerequisite: GEOL 100 or permission of instructor

Activity: Lecture

1 Course Unit

Notes: Two field trips, field project

GEOL 208 Structural Geology

Introduction to deformation as a fundamental geologic process. Stress and strain; rock mechanics. Definition, measurement, geometrical and statistical analysis, and interpretation of structural features. Structural problems in the field. Maps, cross-sections, and three-dimensional visualization; regional structural geology.

Taught by: Phipps

Course usually offered in spring term

Also Offered As: GEOL 630

Prerequisites: GEOL 100 and 111; PHYS 150 strongly recommended

Activity: Lecture

1 Course Unit

Notes: Three field trips required

GEOL 299 Independent Study

Directed study for individuals or small groups under close supervision of a faculty member.

One-term course offered either term

Prerequisite: Permission of department

Activity: Independent Study

1 Course Unit

Notes: May be repeated for credit

GEOL 305 Earth Surface Processes

Patterns on the Earth's surface arise due to the transport of sediment by water and wind, with energy that is supplied by climate and tectonic deformation of the solid Earth. This course presents a treatment of the processes of erosion and deposition that shape landscapes. Emphasis will be placed on using simple physical principles as a tool for (a) understanding landscape patterns including drainage networks, river channels and deltas, desert dunes, and submarine channels, (b) reconstructing past environmental conditions using the sedimentary record, and (c) the management of rivers and landscapes under present and future climate scenarios. The course will conclude with a critical assessment of landscape evolution on other planets, including Mars.

For BA Students: Physical World Sector

Taught by: Jerolmack

Course usually offered in spring term

Also Offered As: GEOL 545

Prerequisites: ENVS 200, GEOL 100, or permission of the instructor.

Activity: Lecture

1 Course Unit

Notes: This course includes two required weekend field trips, and a hands-on laboratory.

GEOL 317 Petrology and Petrography

Occurrences and origins of igneous and metamorphic rocks; phase equilibria in heterogeneous systems. Laboratory study of rocks and thin sections as a tool in interpretation of petrogenesis.

Taught by: Omar

Course usually offered in spring term

Also Offered As: GEOL 417

Prerequisite: GEOL 201

Activity: Lecture

1 Course Unit

Notes: Two field trips

GEOL 318 Glaciers,Ice & Climate

All forms of frozen water at Earth's surface define the cryosphere. These icy environmnets are an integral part of the global climate system, with important linkages and feedbacks resulting from their influences on surface energy and moisture fluxes, clouds, precipitation, hydrology, and circulation in the atmosphere and oceans. This course will survey the various components of the cryosphere and their interactions with climate, with a strong emphasis on the dynamics of glaciers and ice sheets. Broad topics to be covered are 1)the rudimentary mechanics of glacier and ice sheet flow, 2)fast-flowing ice streams and factors limiting their motion, 3)ice-quakes and their origins, 4)the nature of climate data recorded in natural ice bodies, 5)the influence of climate on the stability of ice sheets and glaciers, and 6)glacier-like flow on other planetary bodies. This will be a lecture-based course with written assignmnets and problems sets.

Taught by: Goldsby

Prerequisites: Students should have basic knowledge of Calculus. MATH 114 or equivalent.

Activity: Lecture

1 Course Unit

GEOL 405 Advanced Paleontology

Relationship of fossil assemblages to life assemblages; structure of ancient communities, and interaction of organisms with each other and with the physical environment; evolution of communities.

Taught by: Sallan

Course usually offered in fall term

Also Offered As: GEOL 205

Prerequisite: Permission of instructor

Activity: Lecture

1 Course Unit

GEOL 409 Intro to Remote Sensing

This course will introduce students to the principles of remote sensing, characteristics of remote sensors, and remote sensing applications. Image acquisition, data collection in the electromagnetic spectrum, and data set manipulations for earth and environmental science applications will be emphasized. We will cover fundamental knowledge of the physics of remote sensing; aerial photographic techniques; multispectral, hyperperspectral, thermal, and other image analysis. Students will pursue an independent research project using remote sensing tools, and at the end of the semester should have a good understanding and the basic skills of remote sensing.

Taught by: Dmochowski

Also Offered As: GEOL 509

Prerequisites: PHYS151 and MATH114 or equivalent are preferable, but not required. See instructor.

Activity: Seminar

1 Course Unit

GEOL 411 Intro Soil Science

Soil is considered the "skin of the Earth", with interfaces between the lithosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere. It is a mixture of minerals, organic matter, gases, liquids and a myriad of organisms that can support plant life. As such, soil is a natural body that exists as part of the environment. This course will examine the nature, properties, formation and environmental functions of soil.

Taught by: Plante

Prerequisite: GEOL 100 or equivalent

Activity: Lecture

1 Course Unit

GEOL 417 Advanced Petrology

Chemistry, physics, phase equilibria, microscope study in igneous and metamorphic petrology.

Taught by: Omar

Course usually offered in fall term

Also Offered As: GEOL 317

Prerequisite: GEOL 317

Activity: Lecture

1 Course Unit

GEOL 418 Geochemistry

This course provides a comprehensive introduction to theory and applications of chemistry in the earth and environmental sciences. Theory covered will include atomic structure, chemical bonding, cosmic abundances, nucleosynthesis,radioactive decay, dating of geological materials, stable isotopes, acid-base equilibria, salts and solutions, and oxidation-reduction reactions. Applications will emphasize oceanography, atmospheric sciences and environmental chemistry, as well as other topics depending on the interests of the class. Although we will review the basics, this course is intended to supplement, rather than to replace, courses offered in the Department of Chemistry. It is appropriate for advanced undergraduate as well as graduate students in Geology, Environmental Science, Chemistry and other sciences, who wish to have a better understanding of these important chemical processes.

Taught by: Giere

Course not offered every year

Activity: Lecture

1 Course Unit

GEOL 420 Introduction to Geophysics

This course will cover the application of geophysical investigation techniques to problems of the earth's plantary structure, local subsurface structure and mineral prospecting. The topics will include principles of geophysical measurements and interpretation with emphasis on gravity measurement, isostasy, geomagnitism, sesmic refraction and reflection,electrical prospecting, electromagnetics and groung radar.

Taught by: Goldsby

Course not offered every year

Prerequisites: GEOL 100 or 109, two semesters Math and Physics, and/or instructor's permission

Activity: Lecture

1 Course Unit

GEOL 421 Biogeochemistry

Humans have an enormous impact on the global movement of chemical materials. Biogeochemistry has grown to be the principal scientific discipline to examine the flow of elements through the global earth systems and to examine human impacts on the global environment. This course will introduce and investigate processes and factor controlling the biogeochemical cycles of elements with and between the hydrosphere, lithosphere, atmosphere and biosphere. Students will apply principles learned in lectures by building simple computer-based biogeochemical models.

Taught by: Plante

Course usually offered in spring term

Also Offered As: GEOL 541

Prerequisites: ENVS 200, GEOL 100, or permission of the instructor

Activity: Lecture

1 Course Unit

GEOL 477 Introduction to Vertebrate Paleontology

Taught by: Dodson

Course not offered every year

Prerequisites: GEOL 100, BIOL101, GEOL205 or similar course.

Activity: Lecture

1 Course Unit

GEOL 479 Macroevolution

Macroevolution, or evolution above the population level and on long timescales,as a field addresses fundamental questions about the origins of life, past and present.These include but are not limited to: How are highly dissimilar speciesrelated? Why are animals on distant continents so similar? How and when did major groups, like birds or mammals, originate? What drives evolutionary arms races? Why are there so many more species of beetle than crocodile? Why are there more species in the tropics than the arctic? Did dinosaursprevent the diversification of mammals? Why do some animals survive mass extinction? How can invasive species spread so rapidly? Students will learn importantconcepts underlying our understanding of modern biodiversity and the fossil record, as well as how to use different methods and lines of evidence, including evolutionary trees (phylogeny), fossil databases, past climate and global events,mathematical modeling, and even modern genomics, to answer fundamental questions about the evolution of life.

Taught by: Lauren Sallan

Activity: Lecture

1 Course Unit

GEOL 498 Senior Thesis

The culmination of the Earth Science major. Students, while working with an advisor in their concentration, conduct research and write a thesis.

Taught by: Dmochowski

Two terms. student may enter either term.

Also Offered As: ENVS 498

Prerequisites: GEOL400-level and declaration of the EASC major

Activity: Senior Thesis

0.5 Course Units

Notes: The Earth Science major, as of the fall of 2008, requires 1 semester of GEOL399 and two semesters of GEOL498.

GEOL 503 Earth Systems and Earth Hazards

This course will examine the hazards that arise from living on an active planet from a large-scale systems standpoint. We will briefly survey the Earth's major systems, emphasizing energy generation, storage, and flow within the Earth, and then proceed to an examination of the hazards that result. This will include earthquakes and tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, river and coastal flooding, and hurricanes, tornadoes, and other major storms. We will touch briefly on global warming and other current topics.

Taught by: Phipps

Course usually offered in spring term

Prerequisites: Geology 100 (introductory physical geology,) or permission of the instructor.

Activity: Lecture

1 Course Unit

Notes: The course is intended for Masters' students in Environmental Studies and Applied Geology, as well as upperclass geology majors.

GEOL 508 The Geology and Geography of Energy Resources

This course will survey the way geology controls the formation and location of energy resources. Questions we'll address include, "How are oil and gas fields formed?", "Why does the Middle East have so much oil?", "What are the best locations in the US for wind and solar energy generation, and why?". We will discuss hydrocarbon, nuclear, solar, wind, and tidal energy sources.

Taught by: Phipps

Course not offered every year

Prerequisite: Geol100 or equivalent is preferred

Activity: Seminar

1 Course Unit

Notes: Possible field trips.

GEOL 509 Intro to Remote Sensing

This course will introduce graduate students to the principles of remote sensing, characteristics of remote sensors, and remote sensing applications. Image acquisition, data collection in the electromagnetic spectrum, and data set manipulations for earth and environmental science applications will be emphasized. We will cover fundamental knowledge of the physics of remote sensing; aerial photographic techniques; multispectral, hyperspectral, thermal, and other image analysis. Students will pursue an independent research project using remote sensing tols, and at the end of the semester should have a good understanding and the basic skills of remote sensing. Expectations for the graduate student independent research projects will be at the graduate level and can relate to their capstone or Ph.D. thesis research topics.

Taught by: Dmochowski

Also Offered As: GEOL 409

Prerequisites: PHYS151 and MATH114 or equivalent are preferable, but not required. See instructor.

Activity: Seminar

1 Course Unit

GEOL 510 Geophysical Fluid Dynamics

This class will discuss physical principles fundamental to the theoretical,observational, and experimental study of geophysical fluids, the equations of motion for rotating fluids; hydrostatic and Boussinesq approximations; circulation theorem; conservation of potential vorticity; scale analysis, geostrophic wind, quasigeostrophic system; wave theory and applications, flow instabilities, geophysical boundary layers. Depending on student interest, the class will be adapted to include applications from Oceanography, Meteorology, Geophysics or Engineering.

Taught by: Nathan Paldor

Prerequisites: Math 114 or equivalent or permission by the instructor.

Activity: Lecture

1 Course Unit

GEOL 511 Soil Science w Lab

Soil is considered the "skin of the earth", with interfaces between the lithosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere. It is the mixture of minerals, organic matter, gases, liquids and a myriad of organisms that can support plant life. As such, soil is a natural body that exists as part of the environment. This course will examine the nature, properties, formation and environmental functions of soil. In addition to lectures, the course includes biweekly labs or field trips, and a multi-day field trip to held during Spring Break.

Taught by: Plante

Course usually offered in fall term

Prerequisite: GEOL 100 or equivalent

Activity: Lecture

1 Course Unit

Notes: Field trips

GEOL 515 Evolution/Revolution of Land Ecosystems

Origin and diversification of land ecosystems. Interaction between plants and animals. Effects of past climatic change and other external factors. The importance of past changes in land ecosystems to our understanding of current global change.

Taught by: Pfefferkorn

Course not offered every year

Activity: Seminar

1 Course Unit

GEOL 521 Mineralogy of Rock Preservation

Advanced crystallography, representative minerals, their chemical and physical properties, with emphasis on building stone preservation. Use of petrographic microscope in identifying common rock-forming minerals in thin section.

Taught by: Omar

Course usually offered in fall term

Also Offered As: GEOL 201, GEOL 531

Activity: Lecture

1 Course Unit

Notes: Graduate School of Fine Arts students only.

GEOL 528 Aqueous Geochemistry

This course is designed to provide the graduate student with an understanding of the fundamentals of aqueous geochemistry.The chemistry of water,air and soil will be studied from an environmental perspective.The nature, composition, structure, and properties of pollutants coupled with the major chemical mechanisms controlling the occurrence and mobility of chemicals in the environment will also be studied.Upon completion of this course, students should expect to have attained a broad understanding of and familiarity with aqueous geochemistry concepts applicable to the environmental field. Environmental issues that will becovered include acid deposition, toxic metal contamination, deforestation,and anthropogenic perturbed aspects of the earth's hydrosphere.

Taught by: Andrews

Course not offered every year

Prerequisites: GEOL 100 Intro to Geology or permission of instructor.

Activity: Lecture

1 Course Unit

GEOL 531 Advanced Mineralogy

Advanced crystallography, representative minerals, their chemical and physical properties. Use of petrographic microscope in identifying common rock-forming minerals in thin section.

Taught by: Omar

Course usually offered in fall term

Also Offered As: GEOL 201, GEOL 521

Activity: Lecture

1 Course Unit

GEOL 540 Geotectonics

Bulk structure of the Earth. Plate tectonics and plate boundaries. Plumes, rifting, and intraplate tectonics. Geotectonics and seismicity.

Taught by: Phipps

Course not offered every year

Prerequisites: GEOL 205, 206, 208, 317 and 420, or permission of instructor

Activity: Lecture

1 Course Unit

Notes: Field trip

GEOL 541 Advanced Geochemistry

Taught by: Plante

Course usually offered in spring term

Also Offered As: GEOL 421

Activity: Lecture

1 Course Unit

GEOL 599 Independent Study

Directed study for individuals or small groups under supervision of a faculty member.

One-term course offered either term

Activity: Independent Study

1 Course Unit

GEOL 604 Geostatistical Analysis

Univariate and multivariate approaches to the analysis of spatial correlation and variability. Many disciplines, including geology, ecology and the environmental sciences regularly need to analyze and make predictions from data that is spatially autocorrelated. Mine reserve estimation, pollutant dispersal and the use of randomization tests in ecology are examples of where spatial statistics may be applied.

Taught by: Vann

Course usually offered in fall term

Prerequisites: STAT 101 or equivalent statistics course; BioL 556 suggested or other Inferential Statistics courses, covering uni- and multi-variate techniques

Activity: Lecture

1 Course Unit

GEOL 611 Field Study of Soils

Processes of soil development in a variety of temperate environments. Effects of lithology and climate on soil properties.

Taught by: Plante

Course usually offered in spring term

Prerequisite: GEOL 511 or permission of instructor

Activity: Seminar

1 Course Unit

Notes: All day field trips

GEOL 615 Advanced Vertebrate Paleontology Seminar

Topics in vertebrate paleontology and paleoecology.

Taught by: Dodson

One-term course offered either term

Activity: Seminar

1 Course Unit

Notes: May be repeated for credit

GEOL 618 Fundamentals of Air Pollution

This course will cover various topics related to Air Quality. Initial lectures will cover the history of air pollution, discussions of the Clean Air Act and composition of the atmosphere. We will then progress to discussion of atmospheric pollutants and sources of those pollutants. Additional topics will include: fate of atmospheric pollutants (transport and dispersion mechanis will include: fate of atmospheric pollutants (transport and mechanisms), effects of air pollution (health and environmental effects), urban smog, acid rain, climate change, ozone depletion in the stratosphere, air quality criteria, and engineering controls.

Taught by: Andrews

One-term course offered either term

Activity: Seminar

1 Course Unit

GEOL 619 Instrumentation for the Geosciences

An introduction to the theory, operation and application of modern analytical instrumentation used in geo- and environmental sciences. Primarily focused on laboratory instrumentation such as mass spectroscopy, elemental analyses and x-ray techniques. Some field instruments will be introduced as well. Students will be expected to develop projects utilizing the various instruments.

Taught by: Vann

Course usually offered in spring term

Activity: Lecture

1 Course Unit

GEOL 630 Advanced Structural Geology Seminar

Topics in tectonophysics and/or regional structural geology.

Taught by: Phipps

Course not offered every year

Also Offered As: GEOL 208

Activity: Seminar

1 Course Unit

Notes: May be repeated for credit. Four-day field trip

GEOL 650 Environmental Due Diligence

Evaluation of environmental contamination and liability is an important tool during acquisition of real estate property, and a standard work product in the environmental consulting field. This course will cover the purpose and history of the Superfund law, the various classifications of Superfund liable parties, and protections against Superfund liability, specifically with regard to bona fide prospective purchasers (BFPP). In the context of the BFPP liability defense the course will focus on the performance of "All Appropriate Inquiry" for the presence of environmental contamination (e.g. Phase I environmental site assessment). Our study of "All Appropriate Inquiry" will include evaluation of historical maps and other resources, aerial photography, chain-of-title documentation, and governmental database information pertaining to known contaminated sites in the area of select properties on or near campus. Site visits will be performed to gain experience and knowledge for the identification of recognized environmental conditions. Students will prepare environmental reports for select properties and will have an opportunity to hone technical writing skills.

Taught by: Cron

Course usually offered in spring term

Activity: Seminar

1 Course Unit

GEOL 651 Geocomputations

Review and applications of selected methods from differential equations, advanced engineering mathematics and geostatistics to problems encountered in geology, engineering geology, geophysics and hydrology.

Taught by: Mastropaolo

Course not offered every year

Activity: Lecture

1 Course Unit

GEOL 652 Physical Geology for Environmental Professionals

Study of the genesis and properties of earth materials (minerals,rocks,soil, water); consideration of volcanic,erosional, glacial, and earthquake processes along with the characterization of the earth's deep interior crustal and near-surface structure.Classroom study of minerals, crystals, fossils, and rocks as time permits.

Taught by: Freed

Course usually offered in fall term

Activity: Lecture

1 Course Unit

GEOL 653 Introduction to Hydrology

Introcudction to the basic principles of the hydrologic cycle and water budgets, precipitation and infiltration, evaporation and transpiration, stream flow, hydrograph analysis (floods), subsurface and groundwater flow, well hydraulics, water quality, and frequency analysis.

Taught by: Sauder

Course usually offered in fall term

Activity: Lecture

1 Course Unit

GEOL 654 Geomechanics: Solids

Mechanical properties of solid and fluid earth materials, stress and strain, earth pressures in soil and rock, tunnels, piles, and piers; flow through gates, wiers, spillways and culverts, hydraulics, seepage and Darcy's law as applied to the hydrologic sciences.

Taught by: Duda

Course usually offered in fall term

Activity: Seminar

1 Course Unit

GEOL 656 Fate and Transport of Pollutants

This course covers basic groundwater flow and solute transport modeling in one-,two- and three-dimensions. After first reviewing the principles of modeling, the student will gain hands-on experience by conducting simulations on the computer. The modeling programs used in the course are MODFLOW (USGS), MT3D, and the US Army Corps of Engineers GMS (Groundwater Modeling System).

Taught by: Mastropaolo

Course usually offered in fall term

Activity: Lecture

1 Course Unit

GEOL 658 Environmental Statistical Analysis

Statistical analysis of data from geological, geotechnical, and geohydrologic sources.

Taught by: Mastropaolo

One-term course offered either term

Activity: Seminar

1 Course Unit

GEOL 661 Environmental Groundwater Hydrology

This course is designed to introduce the major definitions and concepts regarding groundwater flow and contaminant transport. The theory and underlying concepts, including mathematical derivations of governing equations used to model groundwater flow and contaminant transport, will be discussed and applications to environmental problems addressed. Upon completion of this course, students should expect to have acquired the skills necessary to pursue course work in flow and transport numerical and analytical modeling.

Taught by: Mastropaolo

Course usually offered in spring term

Activity: Lecture

1 Course Unit

GEOL 663 Geochemical Modeling

This course is designed to introduce the major concepts regarding geochemistry and geochemical modeling. The course introduces two United States Geological Survey (USGS) computer models, PHREEQC, a geochemical speciation model, and PHAST, a transport module which is coupled with PHREEQC output. These are highly respected, world-renowned models that are free-ware via the USGS, complete with documentation. Once familiar with the models, the student can continue to work with them beyond the course experience. PHREEQC is designed to perform a wide variety of aqueous geochemical calculations and can be used to simulate chemical reactions and transport processes in natural or polluted waters. PHREEQC is capable of modeling both equilibrium and kinetic reactions. Some of the simulations pursued during the course include: Speciation of precipitation water; Iron speciation; Zinc sorption onto hydrous ferric oxide; Oxidation of organic carbon and the sequence of electron donors in natural waters; Benzene advective transport in groundwater; TCE transport and degradation.

Taught by: Mastropaolo

Course usually offered in spring term

Activity: Lecture

1 Course Unit

GEOL 665 Engineering Geology & Geotechnics

Based on numerous case histories, the theme of this course is characterization of the geologic environment for engineering and environmental investigations. Covered are the various exploration tools and methods, including interpretation of remotely sensed imagery; field and laboratory measurments of material properties; and instrumentation monitoring. Rock masses and the significance of discontinuities are discussed as are soil formations in terms of occurrence and mode of deposition, and their typical physical properties. The latter half of the course is dedicated to the geologic hazards; i.e. ground subsidence and collapse, landslides and earthquakes, with emphasis on prediction, prevention and damage control.

Taught by: Freed

Course usually offered in fall term

Activity: Lecture

1 Course Unit

GEOL 666 Geology Field Work

Taught by: Giegengack

One-term course offered either term

Activity: Independent Study

1 Course Unit

Notes: 4-8 weeks during the summer.

GEOL 668 Geomechanics: Fluids

Static and Dynamic mechanical properties of fluid in earth materials, as applied to the Hydrologic Sciences; Principles of Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics applied to open channel flow in earth materials; flow through gates, weirs, spillways, and culverts; Applications of Darcy's Law to subsurface flow and seepage.

Taught by: Duda

Course usually offered in spring term

Activity: Lecture

1 Course Unit

GEOL 750 Topics in earth Science

This course will use the weekly EES seminar series to survey historic breakthrogh papers or topics in the earth sciences, as well as modern papers - written by the seminar speakers - that often put the classics in perspective. Graduate students (Ph.D. only) in the Department of Earth and Environmental Science will engage in the material through reading, presentation, and discussion. The course has several goals. (1.) To engender an understanding and appreciation of major breakthroughs in our field. (2.) To develop skills in presenting and discussing scientific results. And (3.) to refine students' understanding of what constitutes great science.

Taught by: Sallan

Activity: Seminar

1 Course Unit

Notes: Open only to PhD students

GEOL 999 Independent Study and Research

Directed study for individuals or small groups under supervision of a faculty member.

One-term course offered either term

Prerequisite: Permission of departmental committee

Activity: Independent Study

1 Course Unit

Notes: Hours and credits to be arranged.