European Studies, Minor

European Studies at Penn is an interdisciplinary minor and an ideal addition to the study of many disciplines in the humanities and social sciences. It supplements majors in history, political science, sociology and art history as well as in French, German, English, Spanish, Italian and Slavic languages. It is designed to give students access to:

  • An understanding of Europe as a historical and cultural entity and its world leadership in business, politics and culture.
  • A great variety of countries, cultures and languages whose interaction with each other and with the United States is an essential part of transatlantic culture.
  • The institutions of a new Europe—European Union, Council of Europe, European Court of Human Rights—reflecting the largest experiment in building a global system of governance in human history.
Minor Requirements
Core Courses
European History:
Select one of the following:1
Modern Europe, 1789-1919
The Material Past in a Digital World
Contemporary European Politics:
Select one of the following:1
The European Union
Politics of Post War Western Europe
Electives with European Component
Select 3 course units of Electives with European Component 13
European Politics & Culture
Select 2 course units of European Politics & Culture courses 22
Non-English Language
Select 1 course unit of Non-English Language course beyond the Language Requirement level1
Total Course Units8

See pre-approved list.


See pre-approved list or consult with adviser.

The degree and major requirements displayed are intended as a guide for students entering in the Fall of 2022 and later. Students should consult with their academic program regarding final certifications and requirements for graduation.